Здесь два доклада о жанрах кино в целом, но можно добавить My favorite cinema genre is …(a comedy). I like it because it raises my spirit, it makes me feel good. и т.д. Второй доклад не поместился, тут ограничение на количество символов. Напиши, я тебе вышлю остальное.
In the thirties a certain pattern of genres was established. That is a musical, a scientific movie, a gangster film, a horror film and a thriller.
The seventies didn’t change the state of things. These movies stayed the most profitable ones. Nowadays this has undergone some changes.
When the sound was invented in 1926, movies became well established and have remained the dominant modals with some variations until today.
One can clearly define the western and the musical. It is not an easy thing sometimes to draw a distinct line between gangster films, detectives and mystery films. As to horror films and science fiction, they often seem to merge. What you can easily identify that is war films and romantic, historical adventures.
Comedies show us different variations.
Hollywood had great difficulties with the new medium of television during the fifties. Most of the classic genres began to feed on themselves.
But the musicals depended on Broadway for stage adaptations.
Soon the film industry began to rise from its knees. Throughout the sixties detective films turned into agent (spy) films.
The Black Power Movement brought its changes into filmmaking. Black people, one-fifth of the nation, were liberated from the cultural ghetto. They now can be seen and heard daily on television and cinema screens.
The major film genres.
The major film genres developed in the United States are the following:
Comedy. Charles Spencer Chaplin became the most widely recognized
comedy figure in the world. He emphasized the development of character and
plot structure, in contrast to the simple reliance on gags and gimmicks
that characterized the work of other comedy producers of the day.
Westerns. The Western (a film about life in the American West in the
past) was the first American genre to be developed and has remained a
staple of the American motion-picture art and industry. It has been
estimated that one quarter of US films have been Westerns. However, today
most American Westerns are made in Italy and are called ‘»spaghetti
Musicals. The musicals of the late 1920s and the early 1930s consisted
of a series of «numbers» by established stars of Broad-way, vaudeville and
radio. Later manifestations of the form were the biographical musicals,
often highly fictionalized, about great composers, musicians, singers,
providing an opportunity to string together some of their most popular
hits. The transferring of musicals intact from the Broad-way stage became
almost automatic beginning in the 1950s.
Gangster films. While the Western deals with a mythical American past
and the musical with a fantasy land, the gangster film is closely tied to a
real facet of American life. In earlier films, the gangster had risen to
the top to enjoy wealth, power, beautiful women, expensive homes and large
cars, but before the end of the film he was bound to be caught by law-
enforcement officers, overthrown by fellow gang members or killed. Such
punishment was considered obligatory. By 1971, however, «The Godfather»
showed how far the genre has evolved: Marion Brando, in the title role,
dies of old age. The gangster was another businessman.
War films. They have evolved into a major American genre, since wars
have occupied so much of contemporary American history. The Second World
War has been the subject of the greatest number of American films in this
Horror films (thrillers). In the 1920s the creation of a monster who
gets out of control or is coming to life from non-human beings who survive
by killing the living provided the basic story lines of countle
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