Education in Australia is primarily the responsibility of states and territories.
Generally, education in Australia follows the three-tier model which includes primary education (primary schools), followed by secondary education (secondary schools/high schools) and tertiary education (universities and/or TAFE (Technical and Further Education Colleges)). The Australian education system is one of the best in the world, ranking 8th on a worldwide scale.
Education is compulsory up to an age specified by legislation; this age varies from state to state but is generally 15-17, that is prior to completing secondary education. Post-compulsory education is regulated within the Australian Qualifications Framework, a unified system of national qualifications in schools, vocational education and training (TAFE) and the higher education sector (university).
The academic year in Australia varies between states and institutions, but generally runs from late January until mid-December for primary and secondary schools and TAFE colleges, and from late February until mid-November for universities.
Pre-school in Australia is relatively unregulated, and is not compulsory. The first exposure many Australian children have to learn with others outside of traditional parenting is day care or a parent-run playgroup. This sort of activity is not generally considered schooling. Pre-school education is separate from primary school in all states and territories except Western Australia and Queensland, where pre-school education is taught as part of the primary school system.
Pre-schools are usually run by local councils, community groups or private organizations except in the Northern Territory and Queensland where they are run by the Territory and State Governments respectively. Pre-school is offered to three- to five-year-olds, although attendance numbers vary widely (from 50% in New South Wales to 93% in Victoria). The year before a child is due to attend primary school is the main year for pre-school education. This year is far more commonly attended, and usually takes the form of a few hours of activity five days a week.
School is compulsory in Australia between the ages of six and fifteen, depending on the state and date of birth, with, in recent years, over three quarters of students staying on until they are eighteen. Government schools educate about two thirds of Australian students, with the other third in independent schools, a proportion which is rising in many parts of Australia.
Government schools are free, while independent schools, both religious and secular, charge fees. Regardless of whether a school is government or independent, they are required to adhere to the same curriculum frameworks. Most school students, be they in government or independent school, usually wear uniforms, although there are varying expectations and some Australian schools do not require uniforms.
Government or state schools are run by the local state or territory government. They do not charge compulsory fees, with the majority of their costs met by the relevant government, and the rest by voluntary levies and fundraising.
They can be divided into two categories: open and selective. The open schools accept all students from their government defined catchment areas. Selective government schools mostly cater for academically gifted students (the top 5 percent), although there are performing arts and sports schools. Almost all selective schools are in New South Wales, though a few exist in other areas.
Selective schools are more prestigious than open government schools, and generally achieve better results in the school-leaving exams than independent or open government schools. Entrance to selective schools is often highly competitive and they cater to a large geographical area.
The system of folk education in Australia was folded in a 19 age, in the period of colonization. Guidance by him the ministries of enlightenment of the states are carried out; common guidance is the federal ministry
enlightenments, regenerate in 1966 in the ministry of enlightenment and science.
The first law about compulsory initial education was accepted in 1872 in Victoria. Presently in
most states the age of compulsory education — from 6 to 15 years. Preschool establishments main
by appearance private. Primary schools (state and private) are 6-years-old (at some are created
preschool separations). In every state there are the special types of secondary schools, but the 5-years-old prevails secondary school (3+2 years of teaching), many schools have academic, technical
agricultural and other types. In 1967 school at initial school was taught about 1740
thousand studying, in middle — 849 thousand studying. About 77% studying attend state schools.
Professionalno-tehnicheskoe education is given by 3-4-summer professional schools working on a base primary school; the secondary special education is technical colleges, mainly on the base of the first cycle of secondary school. In a 1965 professional preparation got over 360 thousand persons.
Teachers for primary school are prepared by 2-3-years-old pedagogical colleges on the base of secondary school; teachers of middle schools — universities. In Australia there are 14 universities: the eldest from them in Sidney (it is founded in 1850), Adelaide (1874) and Melbourne (1853); technical institutes in Adelaide, Melbourne and dr. In 1966 in institutes of higher 145 thousand students were taught.